Excelsa coffee beans are a lesser-known variety of coffee, but they have a unique flavor profile that makes them a favorite among coffee enthusiasts. In this article, we will explore the history of excelsa coffee beans, their characteristics, and how they are grown and processed.
Origins of Excelsa Coffee Beans
Excelsa coffee beans are a variety of coffee that is native to West and Central Africa, as well as some parts of Southeast Asia. They are one of four main species of coffee beans, alongside Arabica, Robusta, and Liberica.
The origins of excelsa coffee beans are somewhat shrouded in mystery, but they are thought to have originated in the Congo Basin in Africa. From there, they spread to other parts of West and Central Africa, as well as parts of Southeast Asia.
Characteristics of Excelsa Coffee Beans
Excelsa coffee beans have a unique flavor profile that is distinct from other varieties of coffee. They are known for their fruity, tart, and floral notes, as well as their low acidity and bitterness.
Excelsa coffee beans are often used in blends with other varieties of coffee, as their unique flavor profile can help to balance out the flavors of other beans. They are also sometimes used as a single-origin coffee, particularly in countries where they are grown.
Growing and Processing Excelsa Coffee Beans
Excelsa coffee beans are typically grown at high altitudes, between 2,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level. They are often grown alongside other varieties of coffee, such as Arabica and Robusta, and are typically harvested by hand.
After they are harvested, excelsa coffee beans are processed using either the dry or wet method. In the dry method, the beans are left to dry in the sun, while in the wet method, they are washed and then left to dry.
Once the beans are dried, they are roasted to bring out their unique flavor profile. Roasting excelsa coffee beans requires a delicate touch, as they can easily become over-roasted and lose their fruity, floral notes.
The History of Excelsa Coffee Beans
The history of excelsa coffee beans is closely tied to the history of coffee itself. Coffee was first discovered in Ethiopia in the 11th century, and from there it spread to other parts of the world.
Excelsa coffee beans were likely first discovered in the Congo Basin in Africa, where they grew wild. It is thought that they were first cultivated for commercial use in the early 20th century, when European colonizers began to expand coffee cultivation in the region.
In the decades that followed, excelsa coffee beans became an important export crop for many countries in West and Central Africa, as well as parts of Southeast Asia. They were often used in blends with other varieties of coffee, as their unique flavor profile helped to balance out the flavors of other beans.
In recent years, excelsa coffee beans have gained popularity among coffee enthusiasts who are looking for a unique and distinctive flavor profile. They are still a relatively niche variety of coffee, but they are becoming more widely available as people discover their unique qualities.
Excelsa coffee beans may not be as well-known as Arabica or Robusta, but they have a rich history and a unique flavor profile that makes them worth exploring. Their origins in West and Central Africa, as well as parts of Southeast Asia, are closely tied to the history of coffee itself, and they have played an important role in the coffee industry for many years.
Whether you prefer a single-origin excelsa coffee or a blend that incorporates multiple varieties of coffee, there is no denying the unique and distinctive flavor profile of this lesser-known variety of coffee.